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80 Lesser-Known Facts About Costa Rica

Costa Rica is home to 5% of the world’s biodiversity despite its small size.

It has no standing army since 1949, having abolished it to focus on education and health.

The country operates almost entirely on renewable energy, with over 98% of its electricity coming from renewable sources.

Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, at around 97%.

The Nicoya Peninsula is one of the world’s Blue Zones, where people often live longer than average.

Costa Rica has more than 200 volcanic formations, with five currently active volcanoes.

Pura Vida, meaning “pure life,” is a common phrase used by locals to express optimism and joy.

The country has a significant number of national parks and protected areas, covering about 25% of its land.

Costa Rica is one of the leading countries in ecotourism, attracting millions of tourists annually.

The national symbol of Costa Rica is the clay-colored thrush, known locally as the yigüirro.

Costa Rica is a top producer of bananas and coffee, two of its main export products.

The country has a strong tradition of democracy, with regular free and fair elections.

Costa Rica is home to the Arenal Volcano, one of the most active volcanoes in the world until recently.

San José, the capital city, has a vibrant cultural scene with numerous museums, theaters, and galleries.

Costa Rica has a diverse range of ecosystems, including rainforests, cloud forests, and dry forests.

The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is famous for its unique flora and fauna, including the resplendent quetzal.

Costa Rica’s beaches are known for their beauty and biodiversity, with both Pacific and Caribbean coasts.

The country has a large number of butterfly species, with over 1,200 varieties recorded.

The national dish of Costa Rica is gallo pinto, a mix of rice and beans typically eaten for breakfast.

Costa Rica has a high rate of life expectancy, averaging around 80 years.

The country is known for its strong commitment to environmental conservation and sustainable practices.

Costa Rica is one of the safest countries in Central America, with a relatively low crime rate.

The country has a high rate of protected marine areas, safeguarding its rich marine biodiversity.

Costa Rica is a popular destination for birdwatching, with more than 900 bird species recorded.

The country is a pioneer in forest regeneration and has seen significant reforestation in recent decades.

Costa Rica’s education system is free and mandatory for all children.

The country has a significant indigenous population, including the Bribri, Cabécar, and Ngäbe-Buglé peoples.

Costa Rica’s national parks include Corcovado, Tortuguero, and Manuel Antonio, each known for unique wildlife.

The country has a strong tradition of soccer, with the national team known as “Los Ticos”.

Costa Rica is home to the Osa Peninsula, one of the most biodiverse places on earth.

The country has a rich tradition of festivals and celebrations, including the annual Fiestas de Palmares.

Costa Rica has a significant number of orchid species, with over 1,400 varieties found in the country.

The country has a thriving tech industry, often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of Latin America”.

Costa Rica is one of the few countries where you can see both sunrise and sunset over the ocean in one day.

The country has a strong tradition of craftmanship, including the famous painted oxcarts of Sarchí.

Costa Rica’s Guanacaste region is known for its cowboy culture and annual rodeo events.

The country has a rich literary tradition, with notable authors such as Carmen Lyra and Carlos Luis Fallas.

Costa Rica is a leading exporter of pineapples, with vast plantations across the country.

The country has a large number of hot springs, many of which are near its volcanic regions.

Costa Rica is home to the Isla del Coco, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its marine life.

The country has a significant number of national and international research stations dedicated to biodiversity studies.

Costa Rica’s economy is diversified, with tourism, agriculture, and technology being key sectors.

The country has a tradition of oxherding, recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Costa Rica is known for its high-quality coffee, often considered among the best in the world.

The country has a network of wildlife corridors to help protect and connect its diverse ecosystems.

Costa Rica is a member of the Central American Integration System (SICA).

The country has a strong cooperative movement, with many businesses organized as cooperatives.

Costa Rica has hosted numerous international environmental conferences and summits.

The country has a large number of rivers, making it a popular destination for white-water rafting.

Costa Rica’s national flower is the guaria morada, a type of orchid.

The country has a significant number of amphibian species, including the iconic red-eyed tree frog.

Costa Rica has a tradition of traditional music and dance, including the Punto Guanacasteco.

The country is known for its production of high-quality chocolate, with many artisanal chocolatiers.

Costa Rica has a diverse culinary scene, with influences from indigenous, Spanish, and Afro-Caribbean traditions.

The country has a significant number of bat species, with over 100 recorded.

Costa Rica is a leading destination for medical tourism, offering high-quality healthcare at lower costs.

The country has a significant number of species of reptiles, including crocodiles and iguanas.

Costa Rica is known for its butterfly gardens, which attract tourists and researchers alike.

The country has a strong tradition of public art, with numerous murals and sculptures in urban areas.

Costa Rica has a significant number of marine mammal species, including dolphins and whales.

The country has a strong tradition of environmental education, with many programs in schools.

Costa Rica is a popular destination for surfing, with renowned spots like Tamarindo and Jaco.

The country has a rich tradition of storytelling and folklore, often featuring supernatural themes.

Costa Rica has a high rate of internet penetration, with widespread access across the country.

The country is home to the largest oxbow lake in Central America, Caño Negro.

Costa Rica has a tradition of medicinal plants and herbal medicine, rooted in indigenous knowledge.

The country is known for its vibrant street markets, selling everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts.

Costa Rica has a significant number of mammal species, including jaguars and tapirs.

The country is a popular destination for adventure tourism, including activities like zip-lining and canyoning.

Costa Rica has a strong tradition of community-based tourism, supporting local economies and cultures.

The country has a large number of national and private reserves, contributing to its high biodiversity.

Costa Rica is a leader in sustainable agriculture, promoting practices that protect the environment.

The country has a significant number of insect species, including a wide variety of butterflies and beetles.

Costa Rica’s national theater, Teatro Nacional, is a historical and cultural landmark in San José.

The country is known for its friendly and welcoming people, often referred to as “Ticos”.

Costa Rica has a tradition of street food, with popular items like empanadas and churros.

The country has a large number of waterfalls, many of which are popular tourist attractions.

Costa Rica is home to the Santa Rosa National Park, known for its historical significance and biodiversity.

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